Medical term origin. Medical dictionary 2019-12-14

Medical terminology

Medical term origin

A woman who has given birth at least once before. Soft palate The soft part of the roof of the mouth Modern Somnambulism Walking in the sleep 19thC Spengels shoulder Deformity of the shoulder blade Modern Spermatocele Cyst of testes which contains spermatozoa Modern Spina bifida A congenital malformation of the spine 19thC Spinal cord The marrow of the spine 19thc The bundle of nerves which lead from the brain into the rest of the body, and are enclosed within the spinal column modern Spleen An oval body to left of stomach, which forms and purifies the blood 19thc Splenomegaly Enlarged spleen, an oval body to left of stomach, which forms and purifies the blood 19thC Spondylitis Inflammation of the spine 19thC Sporotrichosis Fungal infection of the skin, which can also affect the lungs, joints and brain Modern Sprengels deformity Deformity of the shoulder blade Modern Staphyloma A protrusion on the back surface of the eye Stasis intestine Decrease o absence of normal muscular contractions of the intestine Modern Status lymphaticus Hyperplasia of lymphatic tissue thought to be responsible for sudden infant death. National Library of Medicine prefix, root, suffix meaning example -ache pain headache, backache, earache, toothache aden o gland, glandular tissue adenitis, adenotomy, adenoids, adenocarcinoma aer o air, with air, with oxygen, in gas aerobic, aerate, aerosol, aerocele alg- pain algometry, algogenic, algesic -algia pain gastralgia, neuralgia, arthralgia, fibromyalgia angi o blood vessel angioplasty, angioma, angiogenesis ante- before, forward, in front of antepartum, anteflexion, anteversion anti- against antihistamine, antiinflammatory, antipyretic arteri o artery arteriopathy, arteriosclerosis, arterial arthr o joint arthritis, arthrotomy, arthralgia -ase enzyme protease, urease, amylase, lactase audi o hearing audiogram, auditory, audiology brady- slow bradycardia, bradypnea, bradyphasia bronch o bronchial tube, bronchus bronchoscope, bronchospasm, bronchitis carcin o cancer carcinogen, carcinoma, carcinogenic cardi, cardia, cardio heart cardiac, cardiotonic, cardiovascular, cardiopathy -cele hernia, protrusion, tumor cystocele, meningocele, encephalocele -centesis surgical puncture amniocentesis, arthrocentesis, paracentesis cephal o head cephalogram, cephalalgia, cephalic cerebr o cerebrum, brain cerebrospinal, cerebral, cerebrovascular cervic o neck, cervix cervical, cervicectomy, cervicitis chol e bile, gall cholorrhea, cholecystogram, choleresis chondr o cartilage chondral, chondrotomy, hypochondriac -coccus, -cocci bacterium, bacteria, organism pneumococcus, gonococcus, streptococci col o colon colitis, colonoscopy, colotomy cortic o cortex corticosteroid, cortical, adrenocorticotropic cost o rib costal, intercostal, costectomy crani o skull, cranium craniometry, craniectomy, cranial cyan o blue, blueness cyanosis, cyanobacteria, acrocyanosis cyst o bladder cystoscopy, cystocele, cystitis cyt o cell cytology, cytoplasm, cytosome -cyte cell hepatocyte, leukocyte, microcyte, monocyte dent- tooth dental, dentist, dentistry derm o , dermat o skin dermis, dermatologist, dermatitis, acrodermatitis dipl o double, twofold diplopia, diplocardia, diploic, diplegia dors o back dorsal, dorsispinal, dorsolateral dys- difficult, abnormal, bad, painful dysfunction, dysplasia, dyspnea, dyschromia -ectomy excision, removal, to cut out appendectomy, thrombectomy, gastrectomy -emia blood condition anemia, septicemia, leukemia, uremia encephal o brain, inside the head encephalitis, electroencephalogram end o - inside, internal, within endaural, endocrine, endoskeleton enter o intestine enteric, dysentery, enterocele epi- outer, upon epidermis, epibulbar, epidural erythr o red erythrocyte, erythrosis, erythrocytopenia eu- normal, well, good euphoria, eupnea, eupepsia extra- outside, beyond extrauterine, extracystic, extrahepatic gastr o stomach gastrostomy, gastrointestinal, gastritis -genic producing, originating, forming pyogenic, carcinogenic, nephrogenic ger o old age geriatric, gerontology, geratology, geroderma gingiv o gum, gums gingivitis, gingivoplasty, gingivostomatitis gloss o tongue glossitis, glossal, hypoglossal, glossopathy gluc o sugar glucose, glucagon, glucosuria glyc o sugar, sweet hyperglycemia, glycosuria, glycogen -gram picture, graph, record encephalogram, cardiogram, cholecystogram -graph recording instrument polygraph, cardiograph, craniograph hemo-, hema- blood hemorrhage, hemoglobin, hemostasis, hemal hemat o blood hematoma, hematemesis, hematogenous hemi- half hemiplegia, hemianalgesia, hemicrania hepat o liver hepatitis, hepatotoxic, hepatomegaly hidr o sweat, sweat glands hidradenoma, hidrosis, hidradenitis hist o tissue histogenesis, histamine, histology homo- same, alike, similar homologous, homosexual, homogeneous hydr water hydration, dehydration, hydremia hydro- water, fluid, liquid hydrocephalus, hydronephrosis, hydrotherapy hyper- excessive, high, above, upward hypertension, hyperglycemia, hypertonic hypo- deficient, low, below, down, under hypoallergenic, hypocalcemia, hypodermic hyster o uterus, womb hysterotomy, hysteroscopy, hysterectomy -iasis condition of disease trichomoniasis, giardiasis, amebiasis immun o immune immunodeficiency, immunization, immunity infra- below, beneath inframammary, infracardiac, infrasonic, infrarenal inter- between, among intercostal, intercellular, intercerebral intra- within, inside intravenous, intramuscular, intrarenal, intradermal iso- equal, same isotonic, isometric, isomorphic -itis inflammation arthritis, colitis, rhinitis, bronchitis, laryngitis kerat o cornea keratitis, keratotomy, keratoplasty, keratocele lact o milk lactose, lactase, lactosuria, lactic laryng o larynx, voice box laryngitis, laryngospasm, laryngoscope leuk o white leukemia, leukopenia, leukorrhea, leukocyte lingu tongue sublingual, linguiform, lingual lip o fat lipid, lipoprotein, liposuction, lipoma lith o stone, calculus nephrolithiasis, lithotripsy, urolith -logist one who studies or specializes cardiologist, anesthesiologist, urologist -logy the study of biology, gynecology, dermatology -lysis breakdown, destruction, dissolution neurolysis, urinalysis, histolysis, thrombolysis macro- large macrocyte, macromania, macromolecule mal- bad, abnormal, inadequate malnutrition, malpractice, malformed -malacia soft, softening, softness encephalomalacia, osteomalacia, chondromalacia mamm- breast, mammary gland mammogram, mammography, mammaplasty megalo- large, enlarged, grandiose megalomania, megalocephaly, megalocyte -megaly enlargement cardiomegaly, acromegaly, hepatomegaly melan o dark pigmented, black melanoma, melanoderma, melanogenesis men o menstruation, menses menopause, dysmenorrhea, menorrhagia mening o meninges meningitis, meningococcus, meningeal -metry process of measuring or counting audiometry, pelvimetry, biometry, fetometry micro- small microscope, microgram, microorganism my o muscle myocardial, myalgia, myofibroma, fibromyalgia myc o fungus, fungi mycosis, mycelium, mycology, dermatomycosis myel o bone marrow, spinal cord myelopathy, myelocyte, myeloma nas o nose nasal, nasosinusitis, nasogastric -natal birth, infant prenatal, intranatal, neonatal, postnatal, perinatal nephr o kidney nephrectomy, nephropexy, nephrolysis neur o nerve neurology, neurosurgery, neurotransmitter non- not nonsteroidal, nonallergic, nontoxic odont tooth odontitis, odontology, orthodontist -oma tumor, abnormal growth carcinoma, osteosarcoma, adenoma onco- tumor oncology, oncogenic, oncogene, oncolysis onych- nail of the finger or toe onychectomy, onychauxis, onychodystrophy ophthalm o vision, eye ophthalmology, ophthalmoscope, ophthalmia -opia vision, eye myopia, presbyopia, nyctalopia, diplopia opt- vision, eye optician, optical, optometry, optokinetic orchi testes, testis cryptorchidism, orchiectomy, orchidopexy -osis condition, increase, disorder halitosis, leukocytosis, neurosis, acidosis oste o bone osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, osteoclast ot o ear otic, otitis, otalgia, otorrhea, otoplasty, otoscope -pathy disease, anomaly neuropathy, myopathy, osteopathy pelv i , pelv o pelvis pelvimetry, pelvic -penia deficiency, low number eosinopenia, thrombocytopenia, erythropenia -pepsia digestion dyspepsia, eupepsia peri- near, around, surrounding pericardium, periodontal, perineurium -pexy fixation hysteropexy, orchiopexy, gastropexy phag o eat, swallow, consume phagolysis, phagedena, phagocyte pharyng o pharynx pharyngitis, pharyngeal, pharyngoesophageal phleb o vein phlebitis, phlebotomy, phlebosclerosis -phobia fear of hydrophobia, acrophobia, necrophobia physi o body function, bodily process physiology, physiopathology, physique -plasia development, formation neoplasia, myelodysplasia, hyperplasia -plasty surgical repair or restoration arthroplasty, osteoplasty, rhinoplasty -plegia paralysis paraplegia, diplegia, hemiplegia, monoplegia -pnea breathing, breath apnea, hyperpnea, orthopnea pneum o air, lung pneumonia, pneumothorax, pneumonocentesis pod o foot podiatrist, podiatric, podalic, podagra poly- much, many, several, excessive polyuria, polycystic, polyarthritis, polymorphism post- after postnatal, postcoronary, postoperative pre- before, in front of, earlier than prenatal, preoperative, premature, preanal presby o old age presbyopia, presbycusis, presbyophrenia proct o anus, rectum proctitis, proctoscopy, proctology psych o mind, mental psychology, psychotropic, psychiatry -ptosis prolapse, sagging, sagged blepharoptosis, nephroptosis, proptosis pulmon- lung pulmonary, pulmonology, pulmonectomy py o pus pyorrhea, pyogenic, pyemia, empyema pyel o pelvis of kidney, renal pelvis pyelonephritis, pyelitis, pyeloplasty pyr-, pyro- fever, heat pyrogen, pyrolysis, pyrogenic radi o x-ray, radiation radiology, radiograph, radioactive, radiotherapy ren o kidney renogram, renal, renoprival retro- behind, backward, in back of retroocular, retrocolic, retroflexion, retrolental rhin o nose rhinorrhea, rhinitis, rhinoplasty -rrhagia excessive discharge or flow enterorrhagia, metrorrhagia, menorrhagia -rrhea excessive discharge or flow gonorrhea, diarrhea, leukorrhea salping o fallopian tube salpingitis, salpingostomy, salpingectomy scler o hard, hardening atherosclerosis, myelosclerosis, arteriosclerosis -scope instrument used to exam or look microscope, arthroscope, otoscope, anoscope -scopy examining, viewing arthroscopy, endoscopy, colposcopy, anoscopy -spasm involuntary contraction angiospasm, vasospasm, bronchospasm spondyl o spine, vertebra, vertebrae spondylosis, spondylopathy, spondylolysis -stomy surgical opening enterostomy, colostomy, gastrostomy sub- under, beneath, below sublingual, subcutaneous, subcostal tachy- fast, rapid tachypnea, tachycardia, tachyarrhythmia thorac o chest, thorax thoracotomy, thoracodorsal, thoracoscopy thromb o blood clot thrombosis, thrombogenic, thrombus thyr o thyroid thyroxine, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism -tomy incision, incise, to cut into gastrotomy, duodenotomy, laparotomy toxi- poison toxic, toxicology, toxicity trache- trachea, windpipe tracheitis, tracheoscopy, tracheostomy trans- across, over, through, transfer transdermal, transfusion, transthoracic, transurethral -trophy growth, development hypertrophy, hypotrophy, dystrophy urethr o urethra urethritis, urethrotomy, urethroscope -uria urine pyuria, nocturia, polyuria, albuminuria vas o blood vessel, vas deferens vascular, vasospasm, vasectomy, vasodilator ven o vein venipuncture, venous, venopressor, intravenous prefix, root, suffix meaning example © 2006. The is the length between the top of the uterus and the pubic bone. Means that the largest diameter of the baby's head has passed the pelvic 'brim'. High levels of alpha-fetoprotein are associated with a more advanced pregnancy than expected, multiple pregnancy, fetal death including a vanished twin , an opening in the spine spina bifida , an opening in the head anencephaly , or an opening in the abdominal wall gastroschisis.

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Pregnancy Medical Terminology

Medical term origin

It appeared in 1802 and Dr Johnson referred to the author as ultimus Romanorum the last of the Romans. Here I present a brief overview of the history and characteristics of the language used by medical doctors when they communicate with one another. Occipito Posterior: The back of the baby's head is towards your back. New laboratory technologies, new diseases, newly discovered cures, new medicines and substances give permanently birth to a new terminology. Diphtheritic Paralysis Paralysis of various types occurring after diphtheria infection. During the second trimester, women can also feel cramping due to the stretching of the abdominal muscles. Ut dictum - As directed.

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What is the medical term meaning below

Medical term origin

Prefixes and suffixes, primarily in Greek—but also in Latin, have a dropable -o-. Sufficient to strain Colatus - Strained. Modern Debility Weakness or loss of muscular power. Small white ulcers in the mouth 19thC , now known to be caused by a yeast infection. Febris Adenomeningea - Adenomeningeal Fever. Causes weakness, faintness, and rapid pulse on exertion 19thC.

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Medical terminology

Medical term origin

A turning of the foot in the wrong direction. Appone, Applica - Apply, Lay or put on. Tantum - So much, so many. Acerbus - Sharp, harsh to the taste. The national medical languages did not confine themselves to importing terms already found in medical Latin. Whereas in former times new medical terms were derived from classical Greek or Latin roots, now they are often, partly or wholly, composed of words borrowed from ordinary English—e. In other countries medical Latin survived a little longer: in Denmark, hospital doctors wrote patients' notes in Latin until 1853.

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Pregnancy Medical Terminology

Medical term origin

The language of medicine offers intriguing challenges both to medical historians and to linguists. The starting point of a cranial or spinal nerve. For example if there is an inflammation of the stomach and intestines, this would be written as gastro- and enter- plus -itis,. Paraplegia Paralysis of the lower half of the body 19thC Parasitic foetus Result of incomplete separation of twin embryos in the uterus. The is measured by sonogram from outer skin surface to outer skin surface at the level where the umbilical vein enters the liver.

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Medical term

Medical term origin

The embryo must break out of this shell hatch before attaching itself to the uterine wall. Assisted hatching involves creating a gap in this outer shell either chemically or mechanically to potentially aid in attachment. Modern definitions have also been used if the term could not be located in the 19th century sources. Celsus' De Medicina appeared in print as early as 1478, only a couple of decades after the introduction of the printing press, and it was followed by Latin editions of Galen. A common disease of childhood in 19th century but rarely seen in modern times in Western medicine Modern. Extende, Extendatur - Spread, Let it be spread. Always accompanied by great pain.

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Medical

Medical term origin

Fibroids: Tumors of the muscle wall in the uterus. Episiotomy: A cut made in the perineum the skin between the vagina and the anus to enable the baby to be born more quickly. The word root is developed to include a vowel sound following the term to add a smoothing action to the sound of the word when applying a suffix. Delirium tremens - Alcoholic distress; delusions and trembling. Vomitione urgente - Vomiting being severe. Suffixes are categorized as either 1 needing the combining form, or 2 not needing the combining form since they start with a vowel.

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Medical terminology

Medical term origin

Besides contributing to the improvement of the collaborative knowledge, you will gain a reputation as an expert of medical vocabulary. The pregnancy must be terminated, as it is dangerous to the mother. For linguists the language of medicine is fascinating for the flow of concepts and words from one tongue to another. Sepsis Putrefaction 19thC Septic Which causes putrefaction or the rotting away of living matter. Appendix Appendage of intestines 19thc Arch foot Abnormally high instep Artery Blood vessel which carries blood away from the heart Arthrectomy Scraping of a joint 19thC usually when infected eg by tubercular infection Arthritis Inflammation of joints 19thC Arthritis gonorrhoeal Arthritis inflammation of joints associated with gonorrhoea, a venereal disease Arthritis rheumatoid Inflammation of joints 19thC Arthrodesis Surgical fusion of a joint to relieve pain Modern Ascaris lumbracoides Worm infestation 19thC Ascites Swelling of abdomen caused by accumulation of fluid 19thC Asphyxia Unconsciousness or suffocation 19thC Asthenia Loss of strength, debility 19thC Asthma Difficulty in breathing with a sense of suffocation. This is just a sign of labor preparation. The assessment is repeated at five minutes after birth.

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medical terminology, medical prefixes, roots, and suffixes

Medical term origin

You can browse the or search medical terms. Some children have veins that are closer to the mucous membrane of their nose than other children. Classical scholars have analysed the contents and language of the most ancient medical records in great detail, but the later development of medical terminology has received much less attention. Celsus faced the difficulty that most Greek medical terms had no Latin equivalents, and the manner in which he solved this problem is of considerable interest from a linguistic point of view. Coronararterien for arteriae coronariae or translate them into German e. An operation or combination of operations can be performed to rectify the deformity, but it usually left a very visible scar. Aeger - The sick one, the patient.

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Medical Dictionary

Medical term origin

Antenatal steroids:Steroids either betamethasone or dexamethasone given to help the fetal lungs and other organs mature more rapidly. Sonogram: Also referred to as a ultrasound. Immitatur - Let it be placed in. Peracta operatione emetic or, emetica Peract. Oedema: Fluid retention, which causes swelling in your ankles, fingers and elsewhere. Enteritis Inflammation of the small intestines, usually accompanied by diarrhoea 19thC Enterocolitis Inflammation of the small intestines and the colon, the main part of the large intestines Entropion Condition in which the eyelid turns inwards 19thC Enuresis Involuntary discharge of urine 19thC Epididymitis Inflammation of the small oblong body above the testes male sex organs 19thC The tube which conveys sperm from the testes to the vas deferens and penis.

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